法庭常用詞匯 4
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2016-08-04 05:51 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Negligence1 失職,疏忽
 
Negligence of duty就是“玩忽職守”。
 
The accident was caused by negligence on the part of the driver.
事故是由于司機的過失造成的。
 
Not Guilty 無罪
 
He was found not guilty, by reason of insanity2.
他以精神失常為理由獲判無罪。
 
“無罪”的另一個說法是acquittal,二者的區別是,not guilty是形容詞形式,陪審團宣布被告“無罪”,而acquittal是名詞形式,是正式的“無罪判決”。
 
The jury voted 8-to-4 in favor of acquittal.
陪審團以8比4的投票結果贊成無罪判決。
 
Objection 反對
 
在法庭上,一方律師對另一方的陳述或提問表示objection(反對)時,法官一般會做出兩種反應:sustained(反對有效),overruled(反對無效)。法官判定反對有效時,相關方面需改變提問方式或者提問內容。
 
He raised several objections to the judge, but all of them were overruled.
他對法官提了好幾次反對,可是都被判無效。
 
Parole 假釋
 
People on parole must follow certain rules.
被假釋的人必須遵守一定的規定。
 
Perjury3 偽證罪
 
You'll be punished if you procure4 the witness to commit perjury.
如果你誘使證人作偽證,你要受罰的。
 
Plaintiff 原告
 
The plaintiff's sole witness, a gambler and layabout, was easily discredited5.
原告唯一的證人嗜賭成性,游手好閑,其證詞一下子就被推翻了。
 
Plea (被告或被告律師的)抗辯
 
We will enter a plea of not guilty...
我們將進行無罪抗辯。
 
Probation6 緩刑
 
The thief was put on probation for two years.
這個小偷被處以兩年緩刑。


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1 negligence IjQyI     
n.疏忽,玩忽,粗心大意
參考例句:
  • They charged him with negligence of duty.他們指責他玩忽職守。
  • The traffic accident was allegedly due to negligence.這次車禍據說是由于疏忽造成的。
2 insanity H6xxf     
n.瘋狂,精神錯亂;極端的愚蠢,荒唐
參考例句:
  • In his defense he alleged temporary insanity.他偽稱一時精神錯亂,為自己辯解。
  • He remained in his cell,and this visit only increased the belief in his insanity.他依舊還是住在他的地牢里,這次視察只是更加使人相信他是個瘋子了。
3 perjury LMmx0     
n.偽證;偽證罪
參考例句:
  • You'll be punished if you procure the witness to commit perjury.如果你誘使證人作偽證,你要受罰的。
  • She appeared in court on a perjury charge.她因被指控做了偽證而出庭受審。
4 procure A1GzN     
vt.獲得,取得,促成;vi.拉皮條
參考例句:
  • Can you procure some specimens for me?你能替我弄到一些標本嗎?
  • I'll try my best to procure you that original French novel.我將盡全力給你搞到那本原版法國小說。
5 discredited 94ada058d09abc9d4a3f8a5e1089019f     
不足信的,不名譽的
參考例句:
  • The reactionary authorities are between two fires and have been discredited. 反動當局弄得進退維谷,不得人心。
  • Her honour was discredited in the newspapers. 她的名聲被報紙敗壞了。
6 probation 41zzM     
n.緩刑(期),(以觀后效的)察看;試用(期)
參考例句:
  • The judge did not jail the young man,but put him on probation for a year.法官沒有把那個年輕人關進監獄,而且將他緩刑察看一年。
  • His salary was raised by 800 yuan after his probation.試用期滿以后,他的工資增加了800元。
TAG標簽: guilty parole plea
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