研究:提前退休大腦可能會加速衰退
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-11-12 08:13 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
It's hard to think of an early retirement1 as anything other than a positive. Who wouldn't want to trade in their suit and tie for a pair of beach shorts? While retiring ahead of schedule may be easier on the body, a new set of research has found that it may not be so beneficial for the mind.
 
很難想象提前退休竟然不是一件好事。誰不想把西裝領帶換成沙灘短褲呢?盡管提前退休會讓你的身體更加輕松,但一項新的研究發現,提前退休可能對大腦不是那么有益。
 
The study, conducted at Binghamton University, finds that an early retirement can accelerate the usual rate of cognitive2 decline among the elderly.
 
The research team analyzed3 China's new rural pension scheme (NRPS), as well as China's most recent Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS), in order to investigate the effects of early retirement and pension benefits on individual cognition among adults over the age of 60. For reference, CHARLS is a representative national survey of China's population over the age of 45 that tests respondents regarding mental cognition, episodic memory, and overall mental wellbeing.
 
After going over all of the data, the research team noted4 a clear trend: individuals receiving pension benefits were experiencing much more rapid mental decline than their counterparts still on the workforce5. The most prominent indicator6 of mental decline among retirees was delayed recall, a trait widely considered to be an accurate predictor of dementia. Surprisingly, females seemed to experience even sharper mental decline after retiring early. Overall, the results support the hypothesis that decreased mental activity accelerates cognitive decline.
 
This study's findings were similar to previous research that had focused on the impact of retirement on elderly individuals living in the United States, England, and the European Union. So, this is hardly a trend limited to Asia.
 
Nikolov had actually conducted previous studies that found retirement led to a number of positive physical health benefits for retirees, such as improved sleep patterns, less stress, and reduced alcohol consumption. However, retirement is also usually accompanied with a decline in social activities and less overall interaction with people, which has also been linked to cognitive decline.


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1 retirement TWoxH     
n.退休,退職
參考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必為金錢擔憂。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必須把一切都積蓄起來以便退休后用。
2 cognitive Uqwz0     
adj.認知的,認識的,有感知的
參考例句:
  • As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子們越長越大,他們的認知過程變得更為敏銳。
  • The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.認知心理學者倒很像一個需要通曉鐘表如何運轉的鐘表修理匠。
3 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的過去式和過去分詞 );分解;解釋;對…進行心理分析
參考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 醫生們分析了貧血的血樣。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 這年輕人沒有分析自己蠱惑著迷的過程,因為對他來說,愛是個不可分析的迷。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
4 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
參考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.當地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著稱。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班遲到出了名。
5 workforce workforce     
n.勞動大軍,勞動力
參考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.勞動人口中一大部分受雇于農業。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地勞動力中有四分之一失業。
6 indicator i8NxM     
n.指標;指示物,指示者;指示器
參考例句:
  • Gold prices are often seen as an indicator of inflation.黃金價格常常被看作是通貨膨脹的指標。
  • His left-hand indicator is flashing.他左手邊的轉向燈正在閃亮。
TAG標簽: health mental retirement
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